The term “plastic” in relation to plastic surgery is sometimes taken to signify “artificial.” The word is derived from the prehistoric Greek verb plastikos, which meant to mould or mold. A surgical speciality known as it deals with both enhancing a person’s appearance and reconstructing face and body tissue deformities brought on by disease, trauma, or congenital defects. Both function and attractiveness are improved and restored via plastic surgery. It may involve surgery on any area of the body other than the central nervous system, such as the skin, to remove tattoos, scars, burns, and skin cancer;
- The maxillofacial (the facial skeleton)
- Congenital abnormalities, such as cleft lips, cleft palates, and malformed ears
Plastic Surgery Techniques
The following are some of the procedures utilized in plastic surgery:
- Skin flap surgery, in which a piece of tissue from one part of the body is transferred to another, along with the blood vessels that keep it alive; it is called flap surgery because the healthy tissue typically remains partially attached to the body while it is repositioned. Skin grafts, in which healthy skin from an unaffected area of the body is removed and used to replace lost or damaged skin.
- Tissue expansion, in which the body “grows” additional skin by stretching the surrounding tissue, which can subsequently be applied to aid in reconstructing the surrounding area.
In addition to these procedures, plastic surgeons also employ a variety of other techniques, such as: fat transfer or grafting, which involves taking fat from one area and injecting it into another, typically to correct unevenness; vacuum closure, which involves applying suction to a wound through sterile foam or gauze to draw out fluid and promote healing; and camouflage makeup or cream.
- prosthetics, such as synthetic limbs
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